Object keys can be enumerable meaning that it is possible for the key name to be easily acquired into an array of key names. However it is also possible for them to be non-enumerable as well, when this is the case it is still possible to to include them in an array of key names it just means that a method like Object.getOwnPropertyNames needs to be used to do so. It is also possible to set this value for an object key as well, more on that later.
The Object.keys method can be used to get the objects enumerable own key names. In other words key names that will show up with methods like Object.keys or a for in loop. To use the method I just call the Object.keys static method and pass the object that I want an array of key names for.
A for loop can also be used to get the objects own properties as well.
In some situations I might have some properties in an Object own properties that are not enumerable. In a way these kinds of properties are still enumerable, it just means that it can not be done with a for in loop or Object.keys. The Object.getOwnProperyNames method can still be used to include these kinds of object keys.