At the root name space there are folders like bin, sbin, usr, etc, home and so forth. With that said there is taking some time to look into more about what these various folders are used for. It can prove to be very time consuming to really start to know a thing or two about every little typical file in every little location. Also things will differ a little from one Linux system to the next, but still there are some common folders that can be found in just about any Linux System. So I thought I would start doing some research, and write done some notes in the from of a blog post on these various folders and what they are for.
The bin folder contains binaries, hashes, and links to binaries that are must have programs to use Linux at all in any capacity. it would seem that there might be some exceptions to this though, but in any case many of the most important programs are here in one way or another. For example in order to use Linux even in a command line only way I will still need a shell such as bash, and with that said bash can be found here.
The name alone should say it all with this one, however I should still write at least a thing or two more on this one. This folder contains files that are used to boot the operating system, mainly Linux kernel files, and boot loader files. That is that this is the place where the actual builds of the Linux Kernel itself are stored, and with that other tools that are closely related to booting such as boot loader programs such as GRUB.
This dev folder is where one fill find a whole bunch of device folders.
The etc folder contains system wide config files that can often be edited by hand with just a simple text editor that is tarted with root permissions. Once again these are system wide config files, so often it might be better to start with any user level configs first in the home folder before monkeying with things here.
The home folder is where I will find a folder for each non root user for the system. The home folder is then a good place to park local copies of data that I am working on. However it is more than just a place to park personal data as there are other locations that can often be used for that alone. With that said this is also a location where a lot of user specific application configurations end up being stored. One great example of this would be the bashrc file that I can use to set up bash aliase commands.
I did not cover all of the typical folders, as well as even many of the additional folders that might pop up from one system to another. I just wanted to start a post on this subject at least that I will likely come around to edit more now and then as I write more posts on the various folders where I get more into depth on each.