So a basic example of Array.forEach might look something like this.
In real projects want might need to happen for each element in an array might end up being far more complex than just adding up each number in the array. There might come a time where I might not want to start at index 0 each time, or I might want to do something with each array index and so forth. So lets look as some more basic examples that are written differently, but do more or less the same thing for now before moving on to so more advanced examples.
When it comes to doing anything that might involve a sum of any kind, it might be better to use Array.reduce in place of Array.forEach.
This is one of many other Array prototype methods that work in a very similar way to that of Array.forEach, but behave a little differently. For one thing the Array.reduce method does not start looping at index 0, but rather index 1. the reason why is that the first element at index 0 is the initial value of an accumulator argument that is the first argument that is given to the function that is passed to Array.reduce. So in this example the value of s starts out as 1 and the value of r is 2, then on the next call the value of s is 3 and the value of r is 3 making the final value that is reduced to 6;
Another way to loop over elements in an array is to use Array.map. This method works more or less the same way as Array.forEach but with one significant difference. That difference is that whatever is returned will become that element in the array, or at least a copy of it that can then be reassigned to the variable that is.
Another way would be to use a while loop.
More than one way to skin a cat when it comes to while loops, and loops in general.
Loops are often more flexible then Array methods, for one think I can use the break and continue keywords as ways of breaking out of a loop when a condition is met, or spiking over values and additional blocks of logic along with it. A such when it comes to getting into things that involve a lot of heavy lifting they may prove to be a more efficient solution. However when it comes to simple things like this it does not make much difference.
However often in javaScirpt I come across Objects that are formatted like an Array, but they are an instance of another kind of constructor. Sometimes the values of these objects might be read only, but even then it is possible to get a method like Array.froEach to work with these it just requires some trickery with Function.call, or Array.from.
An Example of an Array like object might look like this
So in this section I will be outlining some ways to loop over these kinds of objects.
The Array.from method is one way to go about converting one of these array like objects into an Array. Once that is done it is possible to use some Array prototype methods such as Array.forEach
Another trick is to leverage the power of Function.call. If you are not familiar with Function.call, Function.apply, and Function.bind it would be a good idea to look into them at some point. If any kind of object has properties that will work with a prototype method of another it can be done with these Function prototype methods.
Some times I am dealing with an object that is not an instance of an Array but it is a named collection of sorts. In these situations I need to loop over the contents of a collection of named keys and corresponding values rather than numbered ones.
The Object values method is one way to loop over the contents of an object in general. Assuming that all the key names that I want to loop over are public, and I do not care about anything that might be in the prototype chain.