In this post I will be going over some examples of how to go about getting started with routing and creating paths in hapi js. The basic components of a route in hapi is a path, a method, and a handler for incoming http requests. These comments are given to hapi in the from of an object to the server.route method. There are many little things here and there to be aware of when setting up some routes in hapi though so lets look at a few examples of routes in hapi js.
So a very basic example of setting up a route in hapi 17.x might involve just calling the server.route method, and passing an object that contains a method, path, and handler properties. The method property can be a string or an array of strings where each string is the type of http request method that this route will respond to such as GET and POST. The Path property must be a string but it can be formated in a certain way to include some parameters. The handler must be a function and that function will receive a request option and a response toolkit object as its arguments.
Here I have a basic example that just responds to get requests to the root path with the string get request to root. Of course when it comes to an actual project of some kind there might be some async tasks that might need to be accomplished, and some response toolkit methods might need to be used when it comes to furnishing a response, but this is just a basic hello world style example for now.
So lets take a closer look at the method property in this section. In the more basic examples thus far the method property can be just a string, however sometimes you might want to have a route that will respond to more than one type of http request rather than just GET. For example say I want a route that will always respond with the same data for both GET and POST requests. To do so I just need to give an array rather than a string for the method property, and have an array of strings where each string is a type of http request.
So say I just want a path that will respond with the state of a json file for both incoming get and post requests, in that case I might work out something like this.
In this example I am also using async functions and the await keyword because getting the data is an async type of task.
So then there is the path property of the object. The value of this property must be a string, however I can set up some parameters. Say I have a nested file system structure of folders where there is a folder for each year that I write blog posts, followed my folders for each month of each year, and then day and then the post.
I can set up some parameters then by just placing a name for each parameter in curly brackets. Then in my handler I can use the request.params object as a way to get the value for each parameter.
In other words something like this.
In this section I will be going over some quick examples of the hander property of the route object that is passed to the server.route method to create a route in hapi js. The handler sound aways return something that will be the response. it can just be a string, but it can also be a response object created with the h.response method.