What is nice about this is that you can see that the source array is not mangled, this is not the case with the array splice method that will mutate the array in place. Many built in array prototype methods are like that which is one talking point as to why a lot of developers still like to use lodash over some of this built in methods.
Negative index values can be given to Array.slice this results in the corresponding index value from the end of the length of an array. So then array slice can be used as a quick way of getting the last element of an array by taking advantage of this fact by passing negative 1 as the starting index.
So I guess it is slightly more concise then doing the same thing by subtracting one from the length of the array that I would usually use over doing that at least.
However there are yet event more ways of getting the last element in an array, but some of them will mutate the source array. Still if I just want to get the last element of an array, maybe it would be best to just use something like this and move on. This is not the kind of rabbit hole that I care to get stuck on, and I can always make these kinds of simple changes later on when maintaining a project of it comes to that.
So because Array.slice returns a new Array rather than mutating one, it can in some cases be used as a way to clone an array assuming it is an array of primitive values. What I mean by that is that the use of Array.slice as a way to copy and array by itself will result in a shallow clone of the source array. So if the source array contains one or more objects as elements then those elements in the resulting array will be the same references to the same objects in memory. For this reason it is necessary to look into options for deep cloning an object then.
So the array slice prototype method is a way to get a section of an array, without mutating the source array. This is not to be confused with the array spice method that can be use to do the same, only it will mutate the array in place.
When it comes to a nodejs enviorment there is the buffer slice method that works just like the array slice method only with nodejs data buffers rather than arrays.