Hello World example of Election.js
I have been putting getting started with election.js long enough, so this year will be the year that I write at least a few posts on the subject while I am learning how to make election.ks apps. Whenever I learn something new I have to start somewhere, so as one would expect this will be a hello world example of an election app. For this hello world election app I started out with an example that I found at the quick start guild of the election js website. I then just made just a few chances from the example in a effort to make it even a little more reduced, but also addressed some things that I think should be address right away even for a hello world app.
One thing that I wanted to figure out right away was how to go about having a custom native menu for the app. Sense this is a hello world app the default for this is a little more advanced than what is needed. So Right away i looked into how to go about having a custom template for the native menu, even for a hello world app.
What to know first before getting started with election js
Nodejs should also be installed, and also when installing nodejs it is a good idea to be mindful of what version of Nodejs you are installing while you are at it. Also on top of that it is also a good idea to me mindful of what version of election you are going with also. So it might be a good idea to look into how to go about having more than one node binary at the ready on you computer, and know how to go about switching between them. If you just want to go with one version then it would be best to go with whatever the latest LTS is.
Why, or Why not electron.js?
The full source code for this example is on Github
I have set up a electronjs examples repository in my Github account that I will be using to park all the source code examples that I make while learning and writing about electronjs. The source code examples for this post alone can be found here
Setting up the app folder
You should have some experience creating nodejs app by themselves first, if so then you should know that you want to have a package.json file in the root of the application folder. So the basic process of starting a new app would be to create a new folder, then make that folder the current working directory. Then in that folder there is doing an npm init and then installing election and saving it as a dev dependency.
In the main script I am going to want to require in a few things from electron, mainly the main app constructor, as well as Browser Window if I want to have a window for this app which I do. On top of those two constructors I am also going to want Menu as I want to have a custom menu for this app rather than the default one that has to many options for such a simple application.
The next thing that I am doing in this example is creating the custom menu for this hello world example in which I just want to have a file menu, and a view menu. The file menu will just have a quit option, and the view menu will toggle full screen, and that is it. So the Basic idea for this is to create an object that will be the template for thee menu, and then pass this template object to the Menu.buildFromTemplate method the returned object will then be a menu to which I can pass to the Menu.setApplactionMenu method that then so far seems to work just fine to create a custom menu for an application. I am sure there is a great deal more to write about when it comes to Menus, but for now this is very much a hello world application so at this time I think I should move on.
The next step involves having a create window function in which I call the main BrowserWindow constructor function. When calling this constructor I am all ready aware of a few note worth options that are worth at least mentioning here. As one would expect there are very much width and height properties to set the starting size of the window, however maybe one option that I should mention right away is the webPrefernces object which comes into play when doing things such as node integration or not. For this example though, the main goal here is to just simply display hello world though, so for now moving on once again.
After creating the instance of the BrowserWindow in the createWindow function I can not call various method off of the instance of BrowserWindow such as the loadFile method of the BrowserWindow class. The first argument to this loadFile method should be a relative URI path to an html file that is relative to the root name space of the application folder. So in other words if the index.html file is at the top level along with the package.json file and main.js file here, then I just pass the name of the file, which this case in just simple index.html.
Another thing that I think that I should write about here with this hello world example is the webContents property of the instance of the BrowserWindow class, mainly the openDevTools method of this property. The first thing that I am going to want to do when making these kinds of application is to have a way to debug what I am working on as I start to make some kind of real application with electron, and calling this method is one way to go about getting that open in the browser window.
I then just need to attach two events to the app object for this, one for the ready event, and another for the when all closed event. The situation with this will change a little depending on how much you case about MacOS. It would seem that so far it is mainly that operating system the requires some special treatment here and there. Again this might be all a matter for another future blog post on electron, for now I just want hello world on the screen and thats it.
2 - The index.html file
3 - A style css file
Here then is the extremal css file that I am using to just adjust the look of the app a little, and also for the sake of just starting work with something more than just a single index html file for the client system.
4 - Concision
That will be if for now then when it comes to getting started with electron.js at least with this basic hello world example in which I have not covered a great deal of what one should know about when it comes to making a real application of some kind. However I guess that is not such a bad thing when it comes to hello world apps, as the whole idea of them is to just start out with just showing the text hello world on the screen and that is it.
Still there is the question of what to do next, with that said maybe the next step is to just start making at least a few simple applications now such as maybe a text editor, or art program of some kind. In other words any kind of project in which I am opening, editing and saving some kind of file such as a simple text file, png, or something to that effect. However to even get to the point in which I can make those kinds of applications I still need to learn and write about many other basic features of electron.js. With that said maybe a good next step first would be to just learn more about the Browser window class.
There are a lot of options for the BrowserWindow class that I think might be a good next thing to look into more closely, and when doing so that quickly ends up branching off into a whole lot of other classes. For example when making use of the preload.js file by way of the preload path of the webProperries object of the BrowserWindow constructor options there is also the contextIsolation property that should be used with it. The contextBridge class should then be used in the preload.js file to sync things up with certain things between the renderer and the main process of the electron application.
There is also looking more into the Menu class that might also be a good move at this point, as well as BrowserWindow class methods that can be used with the Menu class. One thing that I have found out is that I tend to prefer to use the BrowserWindow set Menu method over that of the setApplicationMenu method of the Menu class as using that method seems to not work well when trying to create more than one menu for more than one kind of window. However there is also looking into how to go about making my own options in the Menu to preform various kinds of application specific tasks which is also something that will need to be covered sooner or later.
With that said I will be coming out with a few more posts on electron in the coming weeks, at least that is part of the plan for new content as of late anyway.