Every once in a while I want to delete end of line characters, or transform characters from some standard input when piping two or more Linux commands together. So far I have found that the Linux awk command might be the best tool for the job when it comes to thing and just about everything else when it comes to text processing type tasks. However there are also a lot of various alternative commands that come up and one of them is the Linux tr command.
In my demos Linux repository on Github I have bash scripts of the examples in this post. This is also where I park any additional notes and assets that I have together for this post, and also where I will be working on any additional examples that I may or may not include in any possible future edits of this post.
In this section I will then be starting out with just a few basic, quick examples of the Linux tr command. However in the process of doing so I will also be making use of a number of other basic commands in Linux, as well as various bash features such as piping.
Many of these commands work by taking something in from the standard input, so in order to use it this way I must find some way to create some standard output to pipe into the tr command. One way to do so would be to use the Linux echo bash built in command.
The echo command is great for creating some standard output from the command line, however often the text source that I want to use is in a file. In that situation I will then want to use some kind of command to read the contents of that fle and then pipe that into the tr command. A common command that is often used for that kind of task would be the cat command.
What if I want to use the tr command to strip away an end of line character and then use that as part of some text that will the be used as part of an argument for another command. This is where things might get a little tricky, but there are tools for this kind of job, more than one actually. It might be best to look into learning more about using something called awk for this kinds of things, but another option that I see popping up here and there is the xargs command.
The major thing that came up for me that lead me to using the Linux tr command for the first time is how to go about removing end of line characters from text, and also tasks that have to do with replacing that that with something else. In this section then I will be going over some examples that have to do just with this specific topic then.
Here I am use the linux head command to generate some random bytes of data that I am then piping into the xxd command.
That is if for the Linux tr command, at least for now anyway until the next time that I come around to do a little editing with this post. ALthough I have wrote a post on awk, that is a command that might be best to learn how to use when it comes to these sorts of things. The awk command can be used to transform and remove characters, but it can also be used to do just about everything else that there is to do with text processing.